Rutland is landlocked by Leicestershire, Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire. It is the smallest historic county in England (its greatest length north to south is just 18 miles while east to west 17 miles) and the fourth smallest in the UK as a whole.
The only towns in Rutland are Oakham, the county town, and Uppingham. At the centre is Rutland Water, a large artificial reservoir, an important nature reserve serving as an overwintering site for wildfowl and a breeding site for ospreys.
Rutland was reinstated as a county in 1997 after being absorbed into Leicestershire in 1974.
Peers of the realm who pass through Oakham for the first time must give a horseshoe to the Lord of the Manor. This unique custom started over 500 years ago and still continues today. Over 200 horseshoes are displayed in Oakham Castle (which is actually a Great Hall). The oldest surviving horseshoe is said to have been given by Edward IV in about 1470.
Oakham Castle is the oldest English court building that has remained in continuous use with trials taking place there as early as 1229.
* Thanks to Discover Rutland for much of this information.